The rural cultural landscape and its buildings form a significant part of Finnish architectural heritage and cultural environment. Rural environments vary extensively from vast island areas to wide cultivated landscapes and from northern hill settlements to Lapland’s riverside settlements and reindeer farming environments. The sea, lakes, rivers and forest surround fields and built-up areas. In addition to villages and farms yards, a number of significant buildings such as schools, parish halls, vicarages, shops, mills, dairies, sawmills and old iron works are part of it.
Farms’ trading centres were located until the end of 19th century mainly in tightly built villages. Since then, as a result of land divisions and population settlment, the current rural structure which is formed by individual farm centres in the cultural landscape was established. Also villages are frequently loosely built. A few tight villages which have been preserved by the Ostrobothnian riversides tell about earlier history.
The significant distinction husbandry has produced in the landscape has been studied through inventories and programmes. Heritage biotopes, heritage landscape and traditionally built environments are in the intersection of nature, industry and architecture. From and point of view of architectural heritage, the continuous use of old buildings and the control of new building work take a central role.
Village of Härkmeri in Ostrobothnia
Manor house of Saari in municipality of Mäntsälä.