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National Museum Temporary Exhibitions

Adventures in Siberia, 10 October 2014 - 1 February 2015

The World of Religions, 31 October 2014 - 7 June 2015


Forthcoming:

Finnskogar - Forest Finns, 28 November 2014 - 16 August 2015


 

Adventures in Siberia

10 October 2014 - 1 February 2015

The boat of Kai Donner on the river Ket in Siberia, Autumn 1912. Photo: National Board of Antiquities, The Picture Collections.
The boat of Kai Donner on the river Ket in Siberia, Autumn 1912.
Photo: Kai Donner, National Board of Antiquities, Picture Collections.

Pedot (Fedosei). Ket River Siberia 1912. Photo: Kai Donner, National Board of Antiquities, Picture Collections.

Pedot (Fedosei). Ket River Siberia 1912. Photo: Kai Donner, National Board of Antiquities, Picture Collections

Karavaanimme lähtövalmiina.

The front part of our caravan is starting to move. Yägo on his skis opens the path in the deep snow. Turukhansk-Taz-Vakh 1913.
Photo: Kai Donner, National Board of Antiquities.
The exhibition by Museum of Cultures features photographs by researcher of Siberian languages and cultures Kai Donner from his expeditions between 1911 and 1914. The year 2014 marks the centennary of his expeditions, which were done 100 years ago.

Kai Donner (1888‒1935) was a Finnish linguist, ethnographer, explorer, writer and a political figure. He went on two expeditions to Siberia and his subject of study was the Selkup language, known as Ostyak-Samoyed at the time.

The photos of Kai Donner take you on a time travel to Siberia in the 1910´s. In the exhibition one can meet indigenous people, but also merchants, officials, priests, monks, doctors and descendants of Finns, Swedes and Germans exiled to Siberia in Russian towns and villages.
Donner succeeded in photographic shamans who agreed to have their pictures taken after hesitating for a long while. In addition, he photographed landscapes and the various stages of his travels.

Donner's first expedition in 1911 extended to the wilderness regions, tundra and taiga between the Ob and Yenisei rivers. He occasionally travelled in temperatures around -50 Celsius. The journey from the River Taz to the Ob was carried with reindeer in the company of Samoyeds through uninhabited tundra. This journey of over 500 km was full of adventures with the threat of frostbite and even starvation.
In 1914, Donner travelled once again to Siberia and succeeded in recording in his notes the language of the last Kamassians on the slopes of the Sayan Mountains.

Donner had two cameras in Siberia. His Kodak No.2 Bulls-Eye box camera produced square (86.5 x 86.5 mm) pictures and the No. 3A Folding Pocket Kodak camera postcard-sized pictures (82 x 140 mm).
Donner's collection of photographs containing over 500 negatives is included in the Picture Collections of the National Board of Antiquities.

The manuscript to the photography exhibition is written by Professor Juha Janhunen PhD from The University of Helsinki and by photographer Peter Sandberg and by curator Ildikó Lehtinen.
The exhibition also includes events and an illustrated publication Kai Donner Linguist, ethnographer, photographer in English by The Finno-Ugrian Society and The National Board of Antiquities. The publication can be bought at the Museum Shop.
Read more of the exhibition

The exhibition is on display from 10 October 2014 to 1 February 2015, in exhibition room 216 on the museum's 2nd floor.

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Приключения в Сибири. Фотографии Кай Доннера 1911‒1914

10.10.2014 - 01.02.2015

Лодка Кай Доннера. Река Кеть 1912. Фото: Кай Доннер, Фотоархив Музейного ведомства Финляндии.
Лодка Кай Доннера. Река Кеть 1912. Фото: Кай Доннер, Фотоархив Музейного ведомства Финляндии.
Педот (Федосей). Река Кеть 1912. Фото: Кай Доннер, Фотоархив Музейного ведомства Финляндии.
Педот (Федосей). Река Кеть 1912. Фото: Кай Доннер, Фотоархив Музейного ведомства Финляндии.

Karavaanimme lähtövalmiina.

Олений караван отправляется в дорогу. Яго идет впереди и прокладывает путь с лыжами в глубоком снеге. Туруханск-Таз-Вах 1913.  Фото: Кай Доннер, Фотоархив Музейного ведомства Финляндии.
Музей культур представляет выставку фотографий, сделанных исследователем языков и культуры коренных народов Сибири Каем Доннером во время экспедиций 1911‒1914 гг. В 2014 году исполнилось 100 лет с момента окончания экспедиций Доннера.

Кай Доннер (1888‒1935) - финский лингвист, этнограф, путешественник, писатель и политический деятель. Он совершил две экспедиции в Сибирь. Объектом исследования являлся язык селькупов, который в то время назывался остяко-самоедским языком.


Фотографии Кая Доннера переносят зрителя в Сибирь 10-х годов XX века. На них запечатлены представители коренных народов, а также встречавшиеся Доннеру в русских деревнях и городах купцы, врачи, чиновники и потомки сосланных в Сибирь финнов и шведов. Ему даже удалось сфотографировать шаманов, которые после долгих колебаний всё же согласились на съёмку. Доннер также увековечил пейзажи и различные этапы своих путешествий.

Первая поездка началась в августе 1911 года и завершилась в июне 1913 года. Она была направлена на участок лесов, тундры и тайги между реками Обь и Енисей. Иногда поездка проходила при температуре 50 градусов мороза. От реки Таз до Оби маршрут проходил на оленьих упряжках через необитаемую тундру в сопровождении самоедов.

Экспедиция длиной более 500 километров была полна приключений, а также опасности погибнуть от переохлаждения или голода. Также эта поездка давала возможность пожить обычной жизнью аборигенов. Объектом исследования являлся язык селькупов, который в то время назывался остяко-самоедским языком.
Годом позже, в июне 1914, Доннер опять отправился в Сибирь. На хребтах Саян ему удалось записать язык последних камасинцев.

Доннер взял с собой в Сибирь две фотокамеры фирмы Kodak: камеру No. 2 Bulls-Eye, с помощью которой он делал квадратные снимки (86,5 x 86,5 мм), и камеру No. 3A Folding Pocket Kodak, которая делала снимки в формате почтовой открытки (82 x 140 мм). Коллекция фотографий Доннера, насчитывающая более 500 негативов, входит в собрание Фотоархива Музейного ведомства Финляндии.

Выставка является результатом сотрудничества Музея культур, Фотоархива Музейного ведомства и Финно-угорского общества. К выставке будут приурочены несколько общественных мероприятий и выпуск Музейным ведомством и Финно-угорским обществом издания Kai Donner Linguist, ethnographer, photographer. Museum Shop

Пресс-релиз

Приключения в Сибири. Фотографии Кай Доннера 1911‒1914
в Национальном музее 10.10.2014 - 01.02.2015.


Национальный музей Финляндии, Mannerheimintie 34, Helsinki.
Режим работы музея: Вт-Вс с 11:00 до 18:00, ПН - выходной день. Музей закрыт 6 декабря и 24-25 декабря 2014 года.
Стоимость входных билетов: 8 / 6 евро, дети до 18 лет бесплатно.
Касса музея - тел. +358 40 128 6469, ВТ-ВС с 11:00 до 18:00.

Museum Shop

 

The World of Religions - the new exhibition of the Museum of Cultures

31 October 2014 - 7 June 2015

The World of Religions logo, design Jenni Reuter.

SKM Uskontojen maailma 5 STi 2014
Detail from the exhibition.
Photo: National Board of Antiquities / Soile Tirilä.
SKM Uskontojen maailma 2 STi 2014
Detail from the exhibition.
Photo: National Board of Antiquities / Soile Tirilä.
The new exhibition of the Museum of Cultures focuses on religions, an ancient but ever-topical subject. In addition to the world's religions, the exhibition sheds light on multicultural Finnishness, in which a wide spectrum of religions has firmly established itself.
The exhibition includes objects like sculpture and ritual equipment, modern amulets to hang on the rear-view mirror, and pilgrimage mementoes.

The exhibition presents
Christianity, Islam and Judaism, which originated in the Middle East, the Eastern religions of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and Shinto as well as Chinese religions. Also introduced are Earth religion, new religious movements, atheism and syncretism.

What does religion mean?
The definition is not self-evident. Many religions involve an idea of supernatural holiness, some are considered atheistic, and others believe that everything has a spirit. Some religions are based on old traditions linked with certain peoples or geographical areas, while others were established by real persons. What religions have in common is that they offer an explanation of the world and the world order and a foundation for shared activities and religious experience.

As a contrast to the distinguishing features, the theme sections present common themes shared by many religions. These include praying, sacrifices, ritual purity, celebrations and seasonal rituals, life after death, the cult of the deceased, asceticism, pilgrimage, happiness, protection and missionary work.

For school groups
, there will be online material in Finnish showing the significance of various symbols in different religions. Many of these are also familiar to Finnish children and young people - who would not recognise the swastika, an ancient solar symbol?
Online material in Finnish at The Museum of Cultures webpage.

The exhibition also includes an illustrated publication in Finnish (84 pages, price € 24 euros), which can be bought at the Museum Shop.

More information on the exhibition is provided by Curator Pilvi Vainonen, Museum of Cultures tel. +358 (0)40 128 6432.

The exhibition is on display in rooms 131 and 132 on the museum's 1st floor, from 31 October 2014 to 7 June 2015.

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Forthcoming:

Finnskogar - Forest Finns

28 November 2014 - 16 August 2015

Finnskogar - Forest Finns exhibition emblem.
Finnskogar - Forest Finns exhibition emblem.
Chair from Östmark in Sweden. Photo: National Board of Antiquities, Matti Huuhka
Chair from Östmark in Sweden. Photo: National Board of Antiquities, Matti Huuhka.
Juhoila farm in Sweden. Photo: Helmi Helminen 1930
Juhoila farm in Sweden. Photo: Helmi Helminen 1930.
The exhibition tells the story of Finns who moved to uninhabited forests regions in Sweden and Norway in the late 1500s and 1600s to practice slash-and-burn farming. They maintained their unique culture and their own language amongst the native population for a long time. Later on, they melded into the main population.

The exhibition is based on items acquired for the National Museum of Finland by Astrid Reponen (M.A.) during a vocabulary collection trip in 1932. The objects have not been exhibited previously.

The exhibition tells the story of the residents of the 'Finn forests' (Finnskogar), the 'forest Finns' (in Swedish: skogsfinnar); why they left and what their life was like in their new home. In addition to the exhibits, visitors to the exhibition get to experience the old Finnish language spoken by the forest Finns, their Finnish-style place names and their beliefs and spiritual traditions.

The exhibition script has been written by linguist Paula Andersson from the University of Helsinki, name researcher and Associate Professor Emeritus Tuula Eskeland of the University of Copenhagenin in Denmark, scholar of religion and Adjunct Professor Marja-Liisa Keinänen of Stockholm University in Sweden and Curator Antti Metsänkylä from the National Museum of Finland.

The exhibition also includes events and a publication in Finnish and in Swedish, which can be bought in December 2014 at the Museum Shop.

Preliminary information on the exhibition is provided during office hours by Curator Antti Metsänkylä, tel. +358 40 128 6384.

The exhibition will be open, in room 215 on the 2nd floor of the National Museum of Finland, 28 November 2014 and is open till 16 August 2015.

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